Disease and Vaccine Information
The reason why we recommend your pet be vaccinated against various diseases is for the protection of your pet and the overall health of the pet population. Some diseases such as Rabies can be transmitted to people from pets. Vaccinating your pet can minimize the risk of being exposed to such diseases. Below you will find a description of each disease that we vaccinate for.
- Required by law for dogs, cats and ferrets over the age of 12 weeks
- Is transmissible to animals
- Is transmissible to people
- Is spread through contact with a rabid animal, usually from a bite wound
- Raccoons, bats and foxes are some known animals which can carry and transmit rabies but not show symptoms (known as rabies vectors)
- The first symptoms may be nonspecific and include lethargy, fever, vomiting, and anorexia.
- Signs that may occur usually within in days: cerebral dysfunction, cranial nerve dysfunction, ataxia, weakness, paralysis, seizures, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, excessive salivation, abnormal behavior, aggression, and/or self-mutilation.
- There is no test to diagnosis rabies except after death
- There is no treatment or cure for rabies in animals.
If you suspect your pet or another animal has Rabies, please contact your local animal control office for more information. ARKLE Veterinary Care does not do Rabies Quarantine.
- Distemper (D)- A highly contagious and serious viral illness with no known cure. More commonly seen in puppies and non-vaccinated dogs. The virus is spread through the air, indirect or direct contact as well.
- Hepatitis (H)- This is caused by a virus which dogs can recover from. In severe cases, it may lead to death. Healthy dogs can catch hepatitis from inhaling or eating the urine, nasal or eye secretions of infected dogs.
- Parainfluenza (P) - A highly contagious respiratory virus. This virus is NOT the same virus that causes the canine influenza. The vaccine will have no effect on the canine flu.
- Parvovirus (P)- Most commonly seen in puppies and has a high probability of death. This highly contagious vaccine is transmitted from dog to dog by coming into contact with contaminated feces, environments or people who have been around infected dogs. Only supportive care can be provided to treat the symptoms associated with the virus.
- Is caused by a bacteria that lives in water or warm, wet soil.
- It transmissible to both people and dogs
- Can be transmitted through urine of infected animals
- Wildlife, farm animals and rodents are known carriers of the bacteria
- Can potentially be fatal if not treated
Bordetella (Kennel Cough):
- Highly contagious respiratory disease.
- Spreads through direct contact with infected dog, air or contaminated items
- One of the viral/bacterial compontents in Canine Upper Respiratory Infectious disease
- Every dog should receive this vaccine even if they never go to doggie daycare or board with other dogs.
- Can get bordetella from passing dogs in the neighborhood
Canine Influenza (CIV):
- Spread through direct contact, the air or contaminated surfaces
- Spreads quickly and can cause serious illness such as pneumonia
- May initially present like Canine Upper Respiratory Infectious Disease (CIRD).
- There are currently two strains of canine flu in the United States
- Diagnostic testing can be performed to determine if your pet has the flu
- Ask your doggie daycare and boarding to facility if they require the vaccine
- For more information on Canine Influenza, click here
- Feline Rihotracheitis (FVR)- The common cause of respiratory disease in cats. It is caused by the feline herpsesvirus and is easily spread through the air, direct contact or contaminated objects.
- Calivivirus (C) - A viral respiratory disease that is spread by direct contact or contaminated objects
- Pan leukopenia (P) - A highly infectious disease that effects the gastrointestinal tract. This disease can sometimes be fatal. It is spread with direct contact with infected cats or through viral particles in the environment.
Feline Luekemia (FeLv):
- Transmitted through social interactions such as grooming, sharing bowls, etc
- Is in the saliva, urine, feces and blood of infected cats
- Can be transmitted from pregnant cats to kittens while still in the womb or from nursing
- Cats who go outside should receive the vaccine on a regular basis
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV):
- Transmitted primarily through bite wounds
- Can appear normal for years before cat becomes immunocompromised
- Hinders the cat's ability to protect itself from infections
- There is no vaccine for FIV.
A Feline Leukemia and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus test is recommend to test all cats for the presence of both viruses. We recommend all kittens and adult cats with unknown history be tested prior to receiving the Feline Leukemia vaccine. Cats who go outdoors have a higher risk of becoming infected with these viruses.